Duties Of A Physical Therapist, What Functions Do Physical Therapists Perform?

Duties Of A Physical Therapist

This guide examines all the duties of a Physical Therapist so you can easily approach a Physical therapist knowing what to expect from him or her.

As a result, we will look at the core functions physical therapists perform in their line of profession.

Indeed, we all may need physical therapists at one point in life.

In light of this, knowing what to expect from a therapist when you visit them will be best.

First, let’s find out who a therapist is.


Who Is Called A Therapist?

Physical therapists (PTs) are healthcare professionals who specialize in helping their patients improve their physical function, mobility, and overall well-being.

As you can see, physical therapists perform key roles to ensure their clients’ physical fitness.

Now, let’s examine the detailed duties of a physical therapist in the medical profession.


Functions Of A Physical Therapist

Their primary duties include:

Apart from the role stated above, a physical therapist perform these other major duties to their patients:


1. Patient Evaluation:

Conduct thorough assessments of a patient’s medical history, physical condition, and functional limitations to determine the root cause of their problems.


2. Diagnosis:

Based on the evaluation, PTs make clinical diagnoses and establish treatment goals and plans.


3. Treatment Planning:

Furthermore, they develop individualized treatment plans that may include exercises, manual therapy, and modalities (e.g., heat or ultrasound).

Also, they engage in other interventions to address the patient’s specific needs and goals.


4. Exercise Prescription:

Prescribe and demonstrate exercises and therapeutic activities designed to improve strength, flexibility, balance, coordination, and endurance.

These exercises can be performed in the clinic or as part of a home exercise program.


5. Manual Therapy:

Also, they use hands-on techniques such as joint mobilization and manipulation of soft tissue massage to improve joint mobility and reduce pain.


6. Modalities:

Administer various physical modalities like heat, cold, ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and traction to alleviate pain and enhance tissue healing.


7. Patient Education:

Educate patients about their conditions, treatment options, and strategies for self-management to prevent further injuries or complications.


8. Functional Training:

Help patients regain functional abilities for daily activities such as walking, dressing, and bathing.


9. Pain Management:

To alleviate pain and discomfort, develop and implement pain management strategies, including therapeutic exercises and modalities.


10. Assistive Device Prescription:

Recommend and provide training in using assistive devices like crutches, canes, or braces to improve mobility and safety.


11. Monitoring Progress:

Physical therapists continuously assess patient progress and adjust treatment plans accordingly to ensure optimal outcomes.


12. Communication:

They also collaborate with other healthcare professionals, including physicians, occupational therapists, and nurses, to coordinate patient care and make referrals when necessary.


13. Recordkeeping:

Maintain detailed records of patient evaluations, treatment plans, progress, and outcomes to track the effectiveness of interventions and meet legal and regulatory requirements.


14. Research and Education:

Stay updated on the latest advancements in physical therapy through continuing education and research, integrating evidence-based practices into their work.


15. Injury Prevention:

Develop and implement injury prevention programs for individuals, sports teams, or workplaces to reduce the risk of injuries.


16. Advocacy:

Advocate for the profession and promote awareness of the benefits of physical therapy in healthcare.

Physical therapists work in many settings, that includes hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centers, schools, sports facilities, and private practices.

As a result, their ultimate goal is to help their patients improve physical function, reduce pain, and enhance their overall quality of life.


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